24 – The Hitchhikers Guide to the Galaxy by Douglas Adams pt. 2 – How to Write Funny

In the second part of my analysis of Hitchhikers I extract micro and macro techniques for creating comedy. (You don’t need to have listened to the 1st part for this to make sense).

Micro comedy techniques include:

  1. Garden Path – lead readers to expect a certain outcome, then deliver another.
  2. Emphasis on what comes last
    • Not so much a humour technique, but generally the last word in a paragraph has the most impact. (like we saw in that last quote)
  3. Literal Mis-interpretation: take a term normally used just to convey an idea, then actually follow through with the meaning:
  4. Fun with Homophones
  5. Reframe – how can you make readers see a common thing or a common concept in a different, more humourous, absurdist, satirical way?
  6. Oxymoron – the linking of two ideas which really don’t make sense together

Macro techniques include:

  1. Genre awareness
  2. Escalation
  3. Absurdism
  4. Surprise! (aka Subverting Expectations)
  5. Synthesis with the theme:

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Shownotes:

https://tvtropes.org/pmwiki/pmwiki.php/Main/FunWithHomophones

https://www.writersdigest.com/online-editor/humor-writing-filled-novel

 

Want to read my free short story? Get it here: A Clockwork Prison

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21 – The Graveyard Book by Neil Gaiman – Meaningful Endings and the Truth

21 – The Graveyard Book by Neil Gaiman – Meaningful Endings and the Truth.

Truth. It’s one of the most important aspects of story – especially of stories that are fantastical. In this episode, I explore how Gaiman created a truthful, meaningful, and emotional resonant ending to his Hugo and Newberry award-winning novel: The Graveyard Book. (Includes bonus singing from yours truly) Enjoy!

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Shownotes:

Get my free short story! A Clockwork Prison

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15 – 2018 in review – Everything I Read, Favourite Books, and Top Writing Lessons

With 2018 in the rear view mirror, I recap all 61 books I read last year, and extract key writing lessons I learnt from them. Enjoy this special bonus episode!

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Shownotes:

Get my free short story! A Clockwork Prison

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[Article] 6 best 2017 EscapePod episodes (and what writers should learn from them)

EscapePod is one of those podcasts that makes you grateful for having ears. New sci-fi short stories, delivered to my phone every week? Yes please!

Every episode is top notch, but these 6 episodes from 2017 have taught me particularly useful lessons about writing.

1. The Ghosts of Europa Will Keep You Trapped in a Prison You Make For Yourself by Matt Dovey

This story is short, punchy, and exemplifies the ethos of ‘entering late, leaving early.’ This is such an important lesson for short story writers. Readers like short stories because they deliver a swift emotional punch: to paraphrase Mary Robinette Kowal, if a novel is the literary equivalent of watching every game of the World Cup, a short story is like watching a 5-minute World Cup highlights video. Give the readers the good bit, then get out.

2. Seb Dreams of Reincarnation by Aimee Ogden

Short stories can seem like they’re … well, too short. Too short for meaningful change, or grand scope, or a broad cast of characters. Not this one. Ogden’s story is a sweeping exploration of a war veteren’s recovery, and how he touches the lives of the people around him. It’s a grand achievement that displays how character arcs can be rich, deep, and satisfying – no matter how short your story is.

3. Miss Figgle-DeBitt’s Home for Wayward A.I.’s by Kurt Pankau

As you can probably guess from the title, this is a wonderfully whimsical story. My biggest takeaway from this was the important of tone. Good writers understand tone, and once they’ve discovered the emotional atmosphere of their work, they can use this knowledge as a creative filter, so that everything in the story strengthens, explores, and reflects this tone.

4. Two Steps Forward by Holly Schofield

This was one of the first EscapePod episodes I listened to, and it marks the point when I realised how good audio fiction could be. This story is a fantastic two-hander, and is a masterclass in dialogue. Each of the characters have an agenda, but approach it obliquiely through their conversation – leading to readers trying to fill in the blanks (and thus immerse themselves in the story).

I also love the strong, whimsical, ‘golden age’ tone Schofield creates. It’s a mark of quality that I still love this story after over a year from listening … even if I can’t remember a single word from it. Just shows that texture trumps tone: that people forget what you say, but always remember how you made them feel.

5. A House of Her Own by Bo Balder

Wow. That’s all I thought after the end credits rolled. Wow.

If stories are about touching readers emotions, then this is a gold medal winner. The ending is unexpected, devestating, but dramtically satisfying. Balder isn’t afriad to paint characters in morally ambigous tones: this isn’t a world of heroes, or villains. It’s a world – an amazingly imagined one – of people, whose actions might seem amoral out of context, but are inevitable within their worldviews. (In some ways, it reminds me of my chat with author Gabe Bergmoser, where he discussed his love for how Red Dragon by Thomas Harris also muddies the line between hero and villain).

6. Four Seasons in the Forest of Your Mind by Caroline M. Yoachim

It took me ages to realise what was happening in this highly metaphorical short story. That’s why I loved it. Yoachim drip-fed me the clues to her plot slowly, revealing her hand of cards one small step at a time. This slow information ‘dripping’ is perhaps the story’s biggest lesson (it’s a lesson also shown in Harry Potter, which I analyse here).

Equally, however, the story also demonstrates the breathtaking potential of non-conventional POVs. Sci-fi writers have an amazing opporunity to examine existence from non-human perspectives, and it’s exactly what Yoachim does here – to great affect.

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Want more analysis of sci-fi stories? Then check out my podcast episode on Neuromancer, by William Gibson, in which I extract 6 key writing lessons from this genre-defining cyberpunk classic.

What are your favourite EscapePod episodes? Have any other sci-fi short story podcasts you’d like to recomend? Let me know in the comments below!